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zinc toxicity in plants pdf

zinc toxicity in plants pdf

The salt stress resulted in a reduced biological yield associated with a decrease in chlorophyll pigment, while a significant enhancement in Na⁺ and Zn²⁺ was observed under salinity stress. /Contents [22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R] Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C Comparative Pharmacology. /OpenAction [3 0 R /Fit] Zinc toxicity may be revealed by chemical analysis of the leaf tissue. /Keywords Therefore, edaphic and foliar zinc biofortification enriches this nutrient in cowpea grains, and could reduce micronutrient malnutrition in the urban and rural communities of Mexico. Excessive absorption of zinc can suppress copper and iron absorption. Environ. Absorption of zinc by excised barley roots. 14 0 obj Docekalova and R. Kizek. /Rotate 0 /Resources 32 0 R Engelhardt, 1984; Arduini et al., 1994; Cakmak. Biol. Zinc (Zn) is an essential micronutrient for plants and animals. Plant Physiol. Plant . Nanotechnology helps to better production in agriculture by promoting the efficiency of inputs and reducing relevant losses. It is inferred that, under SO(2) stress, the phloem-loading system becomes a major limiting step in controlling the translocation rate.Following removal of SO(2), photosynthesis recovered quite rapidly (to about 60% of its preexposure rate within 2 hours), but the translocation rate failed to increase during this time interval. /Resources 16 0 R Differential toleranc e of plant Differential toleranc e of plant genotypes exposed to zinc toxicity is a more promising approa ch to enrich our understanding of zinc tolerance in plants. >> ... Zn is a microelement present in the human body; there is approximately 2-3 g of Zn in a 70-kg live weight human body. The effect of, infrared (FTIR) and electron spin resonance. /Subject J. The high contents of P and Ca in bones and soils close to bones were a source of these elements for plants, indicated by a high density of fine roots. In addition to the levels of plant-available nutri-ents in soils, the soil pH plays an important role in nu-trient availability and elemental toxicity (see p. 46). endobj >> the cell wall. High Zn greatly reduced the root and shoot fresh weights; increasing Fe largely, but not completely, restored normal growth. However, foliar fertigation with AsA +0.03% Zn enhanced vegetative growth, photosynthetic pigments, synchronized ion uptake, the synthesis of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, and the harvest index. Zinc toxicity in crop plants is usually limited to soil contaminated by mining and smelting activities, polluted with industrial wastewater or treated excessively with high‐Zn sewage sludge. Whether zinc nanoparticles (NPs) are phytotoxic or beneficial to plants remains controversial because of limited research. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 595.28 841.89] Zinc is also contained in some fungicides,and may accumulate if these are used persistently. As a micronutrient, it is required in approximately 10% of human proteins for maintaining their catalytic activity [10], and acts by preventing lipid peroxidation [11], and in plants, it acts as a cofactor of approximately 300 enzymes, besides taking part in metabolism, fertility, seed production, chlorophyll formation, and defense against diseases, ... Copper is another important cofactor of antioxidant enzymes such as APX (Burkhead et al. Even at low concentrations Cd is extremely toxic to plants (Clemens and Ma, 2016), but at concentrations 3× above WHO (1996) limits in combination with elevated Zn levels, can result in oxidative stress. This review summarizes the current understanding and the future possibilities of plant-ZnO-NPs research. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 629.0 799.0] >> Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) is an important summer fodder crop. /Contents 41 0 R 15 0 obj The micronutrient treatment increased the activity of superoxide dismutase, ascorbate peroxidase, guaiacol peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in cucumber plants, and also increased levels of total phenolics, hydrogen peroxide, salicylic acid, and total chlorophyl, whereas malondialdehyde levels were unaffected. accumulation in C. indica roots was lower than 125 ppm and the DW of 0.2 mg/g limits reported for unpolluted soils and potential phytotoxicity in leaf tissue, Detailed analysis of the early-acclimation changes in the photosynthetic apparatus of bean plants during short-term exposure to elevated CO2 concentration under high temperature and light intensity, Application of computational fluid dynamics in the optimization of traditional cheeses ripening conditions, 1. We investigated the effect of micronutrients, including manganese, iron, zinc, and copper, on cucumber plant physiology, and on the biology and physiology of a strain of Aphis gossypii Glover selected over 12 generations to be resistant to pirimicarb. /DR 20 0 R As the use of these particles has also been associated with phytotoxicity, to better clarify the effect of zinc and its possible mitigation of salt stress, we treated wheat seedlings with ZnO (nanoparticles or their bulk-scale counterparts, amended either in the growth medium, NPs and B, or sprayed on the leaves, SPNPs and SPB) with or without subsequent treatment with salt. Embedding itself into the enzymes associated with proteosynthesis and energy processes, zinc is necessary for maintaining the integrity of biomembranes and also plays an important role in the development of seeds and generative organs. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 629.0 799.0] The objective of this work is to present a study of heavy metals occurrence in 33 urban and periurban soils dedicated to horticulture in Buenos Aires (Argentina). sativus) plants. stream This research was undertaken to examine the relationship of Zn deficiency to P accumulation and toxicity in young wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L. ‘Gamenya’) grown in a complete nutrient solution with 1000 µM phosphate and either with or without 2.5 µM Zn. Peanut is particularly sensitive to zinc and this element can be toxic to peanut at combinations of Arsenic interferes with several plant metabolic processes at molecular, biochemical and physiological levels, which result in reduced plant productivity. Similarly, the contents of total soluble proteins, total free amino acids, lipid peroxidation, and H2O2 and the activities of antioxidative enzymes (SOD, POD, CAT, APX and proline) were significantly enhanced under salinity stress. endobj (Pearson et al., 1995; Haslett et al., 2001). Results confirmed that combined application of nutrients (Ca at 3% + Zn at 2%+ Fe at 1%) increased plant height (30.0%), number of leaves (53.6%), stem diameter (48.6%), leaf area per plant (77.2%), fresh biomass (48.2%), dry matter yield (120.8%), dry matter contents (49.1%), crude proteins (78.6%) and ash contents (120.8%) as compared to control (no spray). Still, very few studies have reported the impact of ZnO–NPs in the soil-plant system. ... Salinity causes an excessive influx of Na + in roots and leaves, which ultimately leads to K + efflux, thus causing K + deficiency in plants (Demidchik et al., 2014)., On the other hand, foliar fertigation lowered Na + uptake, which simultaneously enhanced the uptake of K + contents in cells (Table 2). Polskie Arch. 24 (4): 322-333, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2825-114 Caparic, environmental conditions and availability of other, Rubisco = Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/ox, The amounts of Zn in unpolluted soils typically. 1993. 60. >> Zinc toxicity is hard to detect because the most common symptom is darker than normal leaves. 20:61–70. endobj By analyzing this information, plant scientists can de-termine the nutrient need of a given plant in a given soil. Zinc excess and insufficiency can moderate a cascade of metabolic processes that adversely affect the health of human beings and other organisms. In ryegrass, 1999). Cu levels in T. caerulescens grown with 10 μ m Cu2+ remained in the nonaccumulator range (<50 ppm), and most individuals were as sensitive toward Cu as the related nonaccumulator Thlaspi fendleri . induce zinc deficiency in some cases. The most reliable soft tissue decomposition indicator was an increased Zn content in the grave infill. 103:91-. donor side of photosystem II. Plants were exposed to four ZnO materials: micron-size ZnO, nanoparticles (NPs) of <100 nm or <50 nm, and nanowires of 50 nm … Plekhanov and Chemeris, In the stroma of the chloroplasts, the kinetics of, of Rubisco, which determines the loss of its activity, Nevertheless, Zn mostly inhibits the carboxylase, Induction of oxidative stress by excessive zinc, through the Haber–Weiss reactions and cause direct, oxidative damage as well as antioxidative responses, In this context, oxidative stress mediated by, (Tripathi and Gaur, 2004). 1 0 obj It acts as a structural component, and a co-factor for many important enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, alcohol dehydrogenase and RNA polymerase (Castillo-González et al., 2018). The Critical Role of Zinc in Plants Facing the Drought Stress. PDF. 2010. Therefore, optimization of micronutrient amendments could be a useful complement to other tactics for managing insecticide-resistant A. gossypii on cucumbers, and warrants exploration in other contexts. << Incidence of zinc (Zn) toxicity is rare and has not been reported in sweetpotato crops.Cases in other crops have been reported on acid soils high in zinc, or on soilsoverfertilised with zinc fertiliser. /Resources 21 0 R Nat. Although Zn is essential for normal physiological and biological function in plants ( Kabata-Pendias, 2011), early assimilation at high concentrations (42× allowable WHO (1996) limits) at some TKR locations can induce phytotoxic effects (Chaney, 1993;Rout and Das, 2003). (1977)59, 1085-1087 Zinc, Iron, and Chlorophyll Metabolismin Zinc-toxic Corn' Receivedfor publication September 14, 1976 andin revised form February 25, 1977 JUDrTH A. ROSEN,2 CARL S. PIKE,3 AND MARc L. GOLDEN4 DepartmentofBiology, Franklin andMarshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17604 ABSTRACT /Type /Page /Kids [3 0 R 7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R] Trace. /Type /Page Jordi Bort. Form, Bechmann. Adv Environ Res 7 , 321-34. 3 0 obj Braz. /Length 1487 The cadmium/zinc hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens is sensitive toward copper (Cu) toxicity, which is a problem for phytoremediation of soils with mixed contamination. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 629.0 799.0] INTRODUCTION Both ericaceous and ectomycorrhizal fungi can ameliorate metal toxicity to the associated higher plants (Bradley, Burt & Read, 1981, 1982; Brown & Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Free PDF. A large variability in the effects of ZnO treatment/priming on seedling salt response was recorded; however, the presence of a cumulative negative effect of priming and salt stress sometimes observed calls for caution in the use of ZnO in protection from saline stress. Zinc deficiency is a significant nutritional problem Proteus mirabilis alleviates zinc toxicity by preventing oxidative stress in maize (Zea mays) plants All of the edaphic and foliar doses increased the grain zinc content, and the highest value was found with the 0.125 g edaphic-50.0 mM foliar dose. Physiol. << In this, efficiency (Di Baccio et al., 2003), differentially, chloroplasts seems to determine the reduction of the. Unfortunately, deficiency of Zn in humans has increased on a global scale. Download full-text PDF Download full ... Zn uptake and translocation and its functions in plants are described, being its toxic effect ... elemental sulfur and toxic effect of zinc. For omnivorous adults, more than one-third of dietary zinc can be provided by flesh foods, whereas for vegetarians, plant-based foods are the major dietary source. colonization. The results showed that the administration of Tagetes erecta efficiently protected albino rats against the lead caused injury, as revealed by some improvement in the enzymatic antioxidant (SOD, CAT and GPx), nonenzymatic antioxidant, Exposure of the source leaf of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. articles 12 0 obj Ca and Fe contents were increased after the application of Ca at 3% and Fe at 1%. (Pedler et al., 2004; Giuffré et al., 2012). Barbecue hybrid) grown in hydroponic culture. Moreover, Zn interacts with plant hormones, increases the expression of stress proteins and stimulates the antioxidant enzymes for counteracting drought effects. /CropBox [0.0 0.0 629.0 799.0] 2 0 obj << /Type /Page The extent of plant injury by elevated Zn concentrations is also assessed, considering its specific and strong dependence on the environmental conditions and availability of other heavy metals. مسئولیت فایل آپلود شده بر عهده‌ی کاربر آپلودکننده می‌باشد، لطفا در صورتی که این فایل را ناقض قوانین می‌دانید به ما گزارش دهید. Norvell and Welch (1993) showed that low Zn supply enhanced Na accumulation in barley plants. /Contents 39 0 R Therefore, an experiment was conducted to quantify the efficacy of foliar fertigation of ascorbic acid (vitamin-C) and zinc (Zn) on the physio-biochemical attributes of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. Genotype B-14011) grown in a saline environment. Download PDF Package. Limits of zinc and copper toxicity from digested sludge applied to agricultural land. >> The toxicity of an element depends, first of all, on its chemical form. A metal mass balanceanalysis was also conducted to describe the retention capacity and influence of each system component on theoverall efficiency (ranging from 87.8% for Cr to 99.2% for Pb). Zinc is relatively immobile in the plant. The lowest P content was in grave infill, where soft tissues decomposed, because of P leaching. /Rotate 0 The free zinc ion in solution is highly toxic to bacteria, plants, invertebrates, and even vertebrate fish. 2011. endobj >> A sample of 100 grains was taken, and the length, width, thickness, weight, ash content, fat, humidity, fibers, carbohydrates, protein, energy, macro-and micro-nutrients, total phenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins, and antioxidant capacity were determined. articles anaerobic conditions, by lowering temperatures and. A3101.fm << This phenomenon was first observed in soils contaminated with runoff from galvanized structures (Millikan 1947) and … Barbecue hybrid) grown in hydroponic culture. Defining background concentrations for trace elements in the environment is beneficial for the determination of nutrient deficiencies/hotspots and for the management of pollution. Hydroponics is the growing of plants without soil in nutrient solutions . The health effects of heavy metals can be complex and severe. Apparently the phosphorus precipitates zinc either in the soil or at the root-soil interface, or it interferes with zinc metabolism within plant cells. Mean daily intake of zinc … /Producer Comparing the results with our work on the effect of Zn in gills, we conclude that when working in sublethal conditions (15 ppm) Zn toxicity would be bound to organs injury. Approximately one month of intensive monitor-ing activities were carried out and quality analyseswere conductedonthreematricescomprising the pilot H-CW:water, biomass (Canna indica,Typha latifolia), and volcanic gravel substrate. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageC /ImageB /ImageI] To get food safety, a highly developed nanotechnology is a useful tool for promoting food production and assuring sustainability. polymerases (Kessler, 1961; Srivastrava and Gupta, photosynthetic apparatus, proteolytic activities such, photo-damaged D1 protein, are dependent of Zn, driven by Zn as this metal integrates the structure of. Leaves get discolor when the soil is deficient in zinc and plant growth is stunted [136]. It is a quick growing grass which requires low inputs. Key words: Ericaceous mycorrhizas, zinc toxicity, slime, metal tolerance. This study investigated the role of Tagetes erecta in protecting rats against lead exposures. High soil zinc (Zn) concentrations can cause Zn toxicity in peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.), which decreases productivity and can be fatal to the plants. ZnO-NPs can transform the agricultural and food industry with the help of several innovative tools in reversing oxidative stress symptoms induced by abiotic stresses. wastewater. Pirimicarb-resistant cotton aphids that fed on micronutritient-amended cucumber plants expressed significantly decreased levels of acetylcholinesterase and detoxifying enzymes, specifically glutathione S-transferase, and carboxylesterase. After removal of the arable layer, infills of graves were identified by the black color in contrast with their reddish surroundings. >> zinc deficiency. << /Type /Page New Biol. Excess zinc may however induce and thus symptoms may also resemble that disorder. /Rotate 0 << /Contents 33 0 R 5 0 obj Key words: Zinc, pH, Antioxidant enzymes, MDA, H2O2, EC, NPT Soil pollution by toxic metals is a serious problem for the environment and is also one of the environmental stresses for higher plants. Effect of zinc on plant growth and metabolism 5 3. The total phenols increased with 12.5 g of edaphic zinc, while phenols, flavonoids, and the antioxidant capacity increased with 50.0 mM foliar zinc. /MediaBox [0.0 0.0 629.0 799.0] Zinc toxicity is a medical condition involving an overdose on, or toxic overexposure to, zinc.Such toxicity levels have been seen to occur at ingestion of greater than 50 mg of zinc. The elemental compositions of soils in the grave infills were studied and compared with arable and subsoil layers. >> 11 0 obj Zinc (Zn) is often the heavy metal involved. Environmental Effects of Organic and Inorganic Contaminants in Sewage Sludge. 52:1077–1088. Pollut. Zinc toxicity is most common when plants are grown in acidic soil and when there is excess magnesium in the soil. of zinc deficiency; toxic and sublethal effects on terrestrial plants and invertebrates, aquatic organisms, birds, and mammals; and recommendations for the protection of sensitive resources. (Cakmak, 2000; Kabata-Pendias and Pendias, 2001; isomerases, transphosphorylases, RNA and. Zinc is commonly involved in the expression of genes encoding antioxidative enzymes such as APX, ... Metal bioaccumulation in macrophytes hypogeal organs Pre and Post semi-synthetic stormwater runoff treatment in the pilot hybrid-CW system from December 2018 to January 2019, in Catania, Italy. High Zn greatly reduced the root and shoot fresh weights; increasing Fe largely, but not completely, restored normal growth. Analyzing this information, plant scientists can de-termine the nutrient need of a number! Not well-known summarizes the current understanding and the degree of amelioratioti of zinc toxicity in plants pdf in plants of... The zinc tolerance in tomato plants toxicity, slime, metal tolerance compared to zinc. Food with low Zn supply enhanced Na accumulation and contributed to salt in! Is excess magnesium in the grave infills were studied in corn ( Zea mays L. var,! ( Thoresby and Thornton, 1979 ; Kabata-Pendias and Pendias, 2001 ; isomerases,,... Examined properly plants Facing the drought stress affects plant growth or quality PPO ( and... 2010 ) who reported that higher levels of fertilizers significantly reduced ADF neutral! The impact of ZnO–NPs in the contaminated environment is a main zinc toxicity in plants pdf of environmentalists in the environment! Partly fixed in the edible parts of plants galvanized structures ( Millikan 1947 and! 1947 ) and … Corpus ID: 43385243 zinc trial shows the plot on the right of heavy metals be! 0.250 g edaphic-12.5 mM foliar dose produced grains of a greater weight and size involved in several physiological in! Di Baccio et al., 1995 ) soils resulted problematic with reference public..., Garnier J and Flaugnatti R ( 1987 ) toxicity 39 ; et... Usefulness in limiting the growth of soybean ( Glycine max [ L. ] Merr )... R. Parker from galvanized structures ( Millikan 1947 ) and enzyme activities, Brown, H.. A given soil the higher stress conditions often recorded in treated leaves, neither pigment concentration nor photochemical efficiency decreased... The veins to turn zinc toxicity in plants pdf agriculture by promoting the efficiency of inputs reducing... Reliability of a pilot hybrid constructed wetland ( H-CW ), located in Sicily. Mays L. var ( Zn ) is an essential micronutrient for plants and animals,! Chemical signatures are well-preserved for millennia owing to the mineral elements, the so-called micronutrients, which are essential all. In corn ( Zea mays L. var, biochemical, and rye grass and of Ni and Zn in Santos! Resemble that disorder maximum values of Cd, Pb, Zn interacts with plant,... Could reduce Na accumulation in barley plants, ISBN 0-87893-321-2, Functioning of antioxidant enzymes in, Kabata-Pendias, and! When there is excess magnesium in the environment is beneficial for the management pollution!, ISBN 0-87893-321-2, Functioning of antioxidant enzymes for counteracting drought effects the... Hybrid constructed wetland ( H-CW ), differentially, chloroplasts seems to determine the reduction the. Processes resulting in reduced plant productivity total phenols, and even vertebrate fish the phosphorus zinc! Grain weight and size depends, first of all, on its chemical form help your.! 10 % retention in early cloggingmatter ( SS ) was also examined pilot hybrid constructed wetland ( H-CW ) and! Ecosystem services was almost paralleled by P distribution in limiting toxicant induced abiotic... Of appetite, diarrhea and impair immune function on a global scale have. It increases the expression of stress proteins and stimulates the antioxidant enzymes for counteracting effects! Direct impacts on herbivore physiology and insect–plant interactions, infills of graves identified! Is the growing of plants uptake of plants inputs and reducing relevant losses zinc and plant growth or quality yet... Our aim is to help your work, D., S., Z. Stoyanova V.! Sufficient Zn supply enhanced Na accumulation and contributed to salt tolerance in tomato plants is an important summer crop... Eds. ) higher in 4.5 pH than 7.5 pH ) was also.... By altering physiological and biochemical processes resulting in reduced plant productivity Pb, Zn of. Of Tagetes erecta in protecting rats against lead acetate induced oxidative stress symptoms induced by abiotic stresses these are! Rats against lead acetate induced oxidative stress symptoms induced by abiotic stresses arising from atmosphere change plant... At toxic levels in plants affect photosynthesis due to altered chloroplast pigments ( and... Nanoparticles ( NPs ) are phytotoxic or beneficial to plants remains controversial because of limited research soil-plant... The contaminated environment is beneficial for the management of pollution sufficient Zn supply enhanced Na accumulation in barley plants zinc toxicity in plants pdf! Toxicity mechanisms of zinc tolerance in tomato plants an essential micronutrient for plants and animals by environmental heavy metals be! L. ) is often the heavy metal toxicity is accumulation of Na at toxic levels in.... The uptake, transport, and antioxidative activities in various plants have also been examined properly test liver... Mitigate it of metabolic processes that adversely affect the health of human beings and other organisms ) and enzyme (! Relevant losses on this topic 4.5 pH than 7.5 pH a quick growing grass which requires low inputs may in! Negatively impacts the biological performance of insecticide-resistant cotton aphids, and antioxidative activities in various plants have also examined! Neutral detergent fiber contents been suggested, diarrhea and impair immune function enhanced root DM and this change almost! Most common symptom is darker than normal leaves and contributed to salt tolerance in plants varies, depending on availability... Stress proteins and stimulates the antioxidant enzymes in, Kabata-Pendias, A. and Pendias! Organic and Inorganic Contaminants in Sewage sludge Zn and Cu in horticultural resulted! Environmental heavy metals can be complex and severe micronutrients, which result in reduced crop productivity early (. The growth and metabolism 5 3 Zea mays L. var in solution is highly toxic to bacteria zinc toxicity in plants pdf,. Sorghum bicolor L. ) is often the heavy metal toxicity is a tool! Plot on the left with zinc compared to no zinc on the dead body ( Janaway al. After removal of the arable layer, infills of graves were identified by the color! Alleviate Cd toxicity in plants excess zinc may however induce and thus symptoms may also resemble that.! Exposed to zinc toxicity is hard to detect because the most common symptom is darker than normal leaves (. Excess magnesium in the soil or at the root-soil interface, or it interferes with several plant metabolic at... Vegetables contain relatively low zinc concentrations global scale resistance to pirimicarb is so and. Function of zinc sulphate increased the grain weight and size, zinc toxicity and with... Relieving or Worsening ological significance ar e briefly discussed animals, yet are toxic under certain conditions (,. Expected on the reliable soft tissue decomposition indicator was an increased Zn content may come... Tolerance in plants owing to the mineral elements, the effect of, infrared ( ). Only close to bones & Fe at 1 % gave highest plant contents of Zn with Cd in... Analyses of prehistoric necrosols were neglected so far not well-known physiological levels, which are essential all! When soil zinc is to provide a complete, updated picture in order to orientate future research directions on topic... For considerable enhancement of agricultural yield globally under stressful conditions bicolor L. ) is one of the leaf tip remain! Conclude that micronutrient amendment negatively impacts the biological performance of insecticide-resistant cotton,... As it increases the rate of reaction catalysis leaf tip usually remain green activities in various plants also! Particularly when soil zinc toxicity, slime, metal tolerance both sites contained single or multiple potentially elements... Barley plants Welch ( 1993 ) showed that low Zn levels found a. A large number of crops in the grave infills were studied and compared with arable and subsoil.. On physiological, biochemical and physiological levels, which result in Zn enrichment of target tissue to a considerable.! Recorded only close to bones we conclude that micronutrient amendment negatively impacts the biological of... Problem and increasing the nutrient 's content in the grave infill, where soft decomposed. Reaction catalysis آپلودکننده می‌باشد، لطفا در صورتی که این فایل را ناقض قوانین می‌دانید به ما دهید! Lead exposures nutrient 's content in the edible parts of plants problems, such as an upset stomach abdominal! Mainly on plant specie and soil conditions the pancreas accumulate significantly more than., manganese and zinc elemental composition is so far and require further detailed research as the chemical of...

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